Health Education – Concept, Aim and Objectives
Concept of Health Education –
Health education is one important activity that is commonly undertaken to promote health. It is the communication of information that enables people to make decisions about to follow those health-related activities at all stages of life which are conducive for proper health.
It is concerned with communicating on those areas that are related to water supply, sanitation, community health, mental health, disease control, personal hygiene, disaster management cycle, reducing the risk of communicable disease and its transmission, proper nutrition, alcohol and drugs, accident and first aid etc.
The Aim of Health Education should be –
1. Help students to assimilate the body if knowledge appropriate to health education.
2. Expose students to a variety of activities and experience related to health education.
3. Help individuals develop a sound understanding of their total development and enable them to attain positive self-images.
4. Provide opportunities for students make personal decisions related to their intellectual, physical and emotional development.
5. Allow students to experience social relations that will encourage desirable behaviour, leadership and co-operation with others.
Objectives of Physical Education –
For Students –
1. A positive attitude towards physical fitness and good health.
2. A personal value system and satisfactory relationship with peers.
3. increased self-awareness and a positive self concept.
4. independence, interdependence, and a sense of responsibility.
5. An understanding of human sexuality.
6. An understanding of appropriate factual information and concepts.
For Patients and Public –
1. To increase public awareness that disease are significant public health problem.
2. To increase public awareness of symptoms and signs of disease.
3. To improve the knowledge and attitudes of patients about detection, treatment and control of disease.
4. To promote the family and community educational material essential for positive lifestyle habits.
5. To create public awareness about the ill=effects of alcohol, smoking and drugs, etc.
For Health professionals –
1. To increase knowledge, attitude and skills of all health professionals regarding sign, symptoms and management strategies for health hazards to improve disease control.
2. To encourage health professionals to treat patients carefully.
3. To develop resource and material for use of health professionals.
4. To promote research all over the world to curb health hazards.
5. To encourage continuing educational programmes on accurate information on diagnosis and treatment of diseases.